Primary Language Construction in Japanese

I believed I would kick off the brand new week with a take a look at fundamental sentence construction in Japanese. I notice that some readers could already be aware of a number of the factors I’ll increase right here however I determine will probably be one to have within the archives for individuals to return and refresh sometimes.

So we’ll check out a fundamental Japanese sentence and some of its parts and take a little bit of a take a look at how it may be damaged all the way down to make many different sentences. Keep in mind the important thing to mastering Japanese is knowing easy methods to type your personal sentences!

So lets check out a sentence:

Watashi wa getsuyoubi ni suteki na boshi o kaimasu.

(On Monday I’ll purchase a pleasant hat)

One of many first issues to recollect is that Japanese has nearly the other sentence construction to English the place most sentences proceed Topic Verb Object,

Japanese sentences really go Topic Object Verb. So that you must get used to switching your order round slightly. Japanese sentences are going to finish with the verb you might be utilizing.

The second is that Japanese sentences are damaged up by particles representing the totally different elements of the sentence. Within the above instance sentence wa, ni, na, and o are particles. So its simple to establish totally different elements of the sentence.

Lets check out it a bit nearer:

Watashi wa – That is the topic of the sentence. In Japanese the first topic is marked by a ‘wa’. On this sentence it’s watashi which implies ‘I’

Getsuyoubi ni – It is a time stamp. Ni is a particle and one among its capabilities is to mark a time when one thing will occur on this case its Monday. Which means Monday is when our verb will happen

Suteki na – That is an adjective it’s marked by the particle ‘na’ which joins it to the noun that follows it indicating it’s the Hat which is good.

Boshi o – That is our object. Marked by the item marker ‘o’. Boshi is the Japanese phrase for Hat.

Kaimasu – Lastly we now have our verb. The verb Kau means to purchase. On this sentence it has been conjugated and put into the ‘Masu field’ to make it extra well mannered. That is generally how you will notice and listen to your Japanese verbs.

When you perceive how a sentence is shaped you may simply make hundreds of your personal. For instance we will change the instance sentence:

Watashi wa getsuyoubi ni suteki na boshi o kaimasu.


Watashi wa getsuyoubi ni hirugohan o kaimasu.

(On Monday I am going to purchase lunch)

By dropping the ‘suteki na boshi’ and changing it with ‘hirugohan’ we now have made a wholly totally different sentence about shopping for lunch.

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