Nigeria as a political entity got here into being by the 1914 Amalgamation of the Northern Protectorate and Southern Protectorate of Nigeria by Lord Lugard.
The title Nigeria was taken from the River Niger operating via Nigeria. This title was coined by Flora Shaw, the longer term spouse of Baron Lugard, a British colonial administrator, within the late 19th century.(1)
Nigeria has three Main Ethnic grouping: Igbo, Hausa and Yoruba and quite a few tribal teams. Traditionally, Nigeria ethnic cultures have run a parallel historic, political and social improvement; wherever the cultures have merged or met it was usually via commerce or conflict.
The main tribes Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba with quite a few tribal teams are all eternally acutely aware and supremely guarded of their tradition, behavior and historical past. Lots of the tribes are overtly suspicions of the opposite.
This was the background to the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern Protectorate of Nigeria by Lord Lugard and the British Imperial Workplace.
With out an satisfactory melding of the divergent views, convergence of developmental targets and synchronization of aspiration for nationhood, the totally different peoples of Nigeria was lumped into one nation; Nigeria.
6years into this marriage, Nigeria went up in flames. The conflict termed The Nigeria-Biafra Conflict had as its distant and instant causes the distrust and suspicion of the foremost tribes. Every of them had a special view, outlook; the way in which, method and course Nigeria as a nation ought to head.
After the conflict, the nation was griped by a army oligarchy that spanned practically 2/three of Nigeria unbiased years.
In 1999, democracy returned to Nigeria with Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo of PDP (Peoples Democratic Occasion) proclaimed the President of Nigeria.
In 2003, Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo was returned because the President of Nigeria.
2007, President Yar’dua was declared winner and sworn in as Nigeria President in an election President Yar’dua mentioned was full of irregularities.