Mini Math Bio – Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss

Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (30 April 1777 – 23 February 1855) was a German mathematician who undoubtedly deserved his nick title, the “Prince of Mathematicians.”

Right this moment Gauss is usually recognized for his well-known curve of likelihood, a.okay.a. the “Gauss Curve,” which expresses the distribution of the likelihood of all of the outcomes of random occasions. Often known as a baby prodigy, Gauss was solely 21 years previous when he wrote his arithmetic masterpiece, “Disquisitiones Arithmeticae.” He was well-known for calculating the logarithms of numbers in his head, with out utilizing a logarithm desk.

Right here is a good story about how Gauss shocked his instructor at some point when he was in elementary faculty…

With the intention to hold the scholars busy throughout his absence, the instructor advised the category so as to add all integers between 1 and 100.

However Gauss blurted out the right outcome, 5050, earlier than even the instructor had the possibility to go away the room! Incredulous that one in every of his college students might add 100 numbers inside simply seconds, he challenged Gauss to clarify how he did it.

The reply was truly quite simple, if you happen to had the genius of Gauss to determine it out within the first place…

Gauss added pairs of numbers from the other ends of the quantity spectrum and so they all the time added as much as 101, as in 100+1, 99+2, 98+3, …, 3+98, 2+99, 1+100. And he figured there have been 100 such pairs ( there are 100 integers between 1 and 100). So he multiplied 100 by 101. Nonetheless, with this technique, the integers between 1 and 100 is added twice. Therefore he divide the addition by two and presto! 5050 was the reply. Is not arithmetic candy?

As good as he was, Gauss was additionally extremely dedicated to his work. In response to well-known science author Isaac Asimov, when he was advised that his spouse was dying, Gauss was in the midst of an issue. So he supposedly stated: “Inform her to attend a second until I am carried out!” As maybe heartless because it sounds, the anecdote additionally displays the superhuman focus of a legendary mathematician on the work that he liked with such a ardour.