Plessy vs Ferguson – African American Historical past Essay


1892

The U.S. Supreme Court docket: the best court docket within the land. Their job: to resolve the constitutionality of instances. However is that what they’re actually doing? Can we belief that their selections are simply? Two essential instances in historical past can assist reply this query. A 1896 U.S. Supreme Court docket case, Plessy v. Ferguson, made amenities and colleges separate primarily based on race. In one other case in 1954, Brown v. Board of Schooling, the court docket reversed its choice and mentioned that separate was not equal. These two instances train two classes in regards to the U.S. Supreme Court docket. Plessy reveals that our justice system has failed at occasions to determine justice. Brown reveals that although the Court docket guidelines justly, justice is not assured.

Many occasions led as much as Plessy v. Ferguson. For instance: after the Congress withdrew federal troops from the South in 1877, circumstances for blacks deteriorated. The federal government pushed blacks into an inferior place. The federal government took motion to forestall blacks from voting instantly.

They embarked ballot taxes, “grandfather clauses”. In addition they segregated on trains, in parks, colleges, eating places, theaters, swimming swimming pools, and even cemeteries. If blacks broke these segregation legal guidelines, they have been more likely to find yourself both in jail or lifeless!

The case of Plessy v. Ferguson was a vital case in American Historical past as a result of it enforced segregation even making it authorized, and made segregation a concrete actuality for the folks of the US. It started with a person known as Homer Plessy. Plessy was 7/eight white and solely had 1/eight drop of black blood in him, however beneath Louisiana regulation, was thought of black. In 1890, Louisiana handed a regulation offering that “all railway corporations carrying passengers of their coaches on this state shall present equal however separate lodging for the white and coloured races, by offering two or extra passenger coaches for every passenger prepare, or by dividing the passenger coaches by a partition in order to safe separate lodging.” Plessy believed that the regulation was unjust and so he challenged the regulation by refusing to depart the white railroad automotive. He was arrested and brought to trial. At this trial he argued that the Separate Automobile Act violated the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Structure. However he was discovered responsible. Plessy then appealed the choice to the Supreme Court docket of Louisiana. Once more his case was upheld. Plessy appealed once more in 1896 to the Supreme Court docket of the US. Homer Plessy was discovered responsible as soon as once more. The influence of the court docket’s choice was a harsh one. It created a actuality that was a nightmare to many. Their lives can be modified dramatically. They’d formally be separated and thought of low down in society.

Plessy v. Ferguson was the regulation of the land till 1954, when it was lastly, efficiently overturned by Brown v. Board of Schooling. In 1954, somewhat woman named Linda Brown in Topeka, Kansas needed to stroll 5 miles to high school. She did not get recess and couldn’t play with any of the opposite kids who have been all white. Her mother and father filed a case to the U.S. Supreme Court docket saying that there isn’t a manner blacks and whites might get equal training in the event that they have been separated. The court docket dominated that separate will not be equal.

The period of time between Plessy v. Ferguson and Brown v. Board of Schooling reveals simply how lengthy it took to get justice for blacks from the Supreme Court docket. It amazes me that our authorities might even query if blacks have the best to justice. It must be fundamental information for us to know that it’s incorrect to deal with any folks so unjustly. Simply to show my level listed below are some questions you’ll be able to ask your self: are blacks human beings identical to whites? Do blacks and whites each have emotions and wishes? And at last, is the one distinction between blacks and whites is that they’ve a distinct complexion? I’m confused as to why so many individuals, together with Justices on our Supreme Court docket wouldn’t reply sure to all these questions. How might anybody who had any intelligence assume it was acceptable to deal with blacks in a different way?

Luckily the Court docket did come to its senses in Brown v. Board of Schooling. But simply because The U.S. Supreme Court docket dominated that separate will not be equal it didn’t imply that blacks have been routinely handled equally. After Brown v. Board of Schooling occurred, there wanted to be the Civil Rights Motion, wherein many individuals have been concerned to push society to vary. Two individuals who led the Civil Rights Motion have been Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks. We should acknowledge that it wasn’t solely these folks, there have been others working and serving to the identical trigger. There have been many ways in which they impacted The Civil Rights Motion. They gave speeches, wrote letters, led marches, held conferences and plenty of different methods. In addition they endured psychological and bodily hardships. Solely by means of the Civil Rights Motion did the promise of Brown really get achieved. These folks have been poor, rich, excessive class, low class, black, some white, brief and tall. Mainly, there was a variety of various sorts of individuals. Not everybody routinely modified their state of mind when The U.S. Supreme Court docket dominated separate will not be equal. There have been nonetheless many individuals on the market who have been racist and needed to maintain blacks in an inferior place.

by Michael Cooper