Relative Clauses (3) – Other Relative Pronouns


We generally utilize a relative statement starting with whose + thing, especially in composed English, when we talk about something having a place with or related with an individual. Look at:
Example (1): Stevenson is a planner. Her plans have won universal applause.
Example (1): Stevenson is a designer (whose) structures have won global acclaim.
Example (2): Dr Rowan has needed to do all his own composing. His secretary surrendered fourteen days prior.
Example (2): Dr Rowan, (whose) secretary surrendered fourteen days prior, has had to all his own composing.

We can utilize 'whose' in both characterizing and non characterizing relative provisions. We here and there use 'whose' when we are discussing things, specifically when we are discussing towns or nations, and associations:
Example: The film was made in Botswana, (whose) untamed life parks are bigger than those in Kenya.
Example: We have to gain from organizations (whose) exchanging is more solid than our own.
Example: The paper is claimed by the Mearson Group, (whose) administrator is Sir James Box.

We can likewise utilize 'whose' when we are discussing specific things, despite the fact that it is regularly increasingly normal in communicated in English to keep away from sentences this way:
Example: I got a letter, (whose) poor spelling made me think it was composed by a kid (progressively characteristic would be I gotten a letter, and its poor spelling …)

We frequently utilize the words where, when and whereby as relative pronouns. Be that as it may, in formal English specifically, an expression with relational word + which can regularly be utilized rather:
Example: This was (where) we initially met (or … the spot at/in which we …)
Example: He was anticipating (when) he would need to offer proof to the court (or … the time at which he would …)
Example: Do you know the date (when) we need to present the first essay? (or on the other hand … the date on/by which we need to present the first essay?)
Example: The administration is to end the framework (whereby) ranchers get more cash-flow from leaving land unplanted than from developing wheat. (Or on the other hand … the framework in/by which ranchers …)

We can likewise utilize 'why' as a relative pronoun after the word season. In formal English we can utilize 'that' rather than 'why':
Example: I didn't get a compensation rise, however this was the motivation behind why I left. (or on the other hand … the explanation (that) I felt.)

We once in a while utilize relative provisos starting with who for sure. For this situation, 'who' implies 'the individuals that' and 'what' implies something like 'the thing (s) that':
Example: Can you give me a rundown of who's been welcomed?
Example: I didn't know 'what' to do straightaway.

Notice that we can't use 'what' thusly after a thing:
Example: I figured out how to get all the books (that) you requested (not … books what you requested.)

Relative provisions starting with 'whatever, whoever, or whichever' are utilized to discuss things or individuals that are uncertain or obscure:
Example: I'm sure I'll appreciate eating (whatever) you cook.
Example: Whoever wins will proceed to play Barcelona in the last.

by Chathrine Thandar Oo