The Structure of a Story


Stories, if graphically delineated, resemble the curves of bolts shot from bows. They are propelled skyward, arrive at an apogee or most extreme stature, and afterward forcefully bend as gravity makes them fall back to the ground. The primary segment of the circular segment can be likened to a story’s rising strain or anticipation, its zenith can be viewed as its peak or defining moment, and its fall is its goals or resolution, so, all in all last details are tied up and ends are reached.


Both short and long stories, for example, novellas and full-length books, can utilize eight essential angles in the unfurling of their plots, however don’t really need to consolidate every one of them. The eight incorporate the following.

1). Stasis:

Stasis suggests a state of solidness or regularity. Life continues for a story’s characters. The creator needs to make the pattern of regular reality for the heroes and their reality. Contingent on the novel and style, this might be short, even a passage, or to some degree longer.

Using a more extended balance, in any case, can immediately exhaust the peruser, who may then continue no further with the story. Flashbacks, giving back story, can fill in as a solution for this obstacle.

However you choose for start your story, you should draw in the peruser as quickly as could reasonably be expected. On the off chance that you utilize a more extended balance, at that point you need an incredible composing style, maybe making interest about the hero’s initial life or exhibiting something unconventional about his current regular life.

2). Trigger:

A trigger can be viewed as the invigorating occasion that breaks the story’s balance and quickens the character or characters so they become some portion of the plot or principle action.

Triggers can be significant occasions, for example, killings or blasts, or may appear to be practically irrelevant, for example, something referenced in a discussion. They can similarly be sure or negative, saw or unnoticed, unexpected or slow, short or long. Their key credit and reason for existing is to start the change that starts the plot.

Any story can be started with a blast if its trigger happens quickly, for example, on the first page.

3). The quest:

The journey can be viewed as the hero’s motivation, emerging from the trigger. In a perfect world, this ought to involve the majority of the novel and incorporate the focuses recorded below.

A expressed or implicit motivation behind the journey might be to restore the hero to the first balance, which an adversary may contradict. Another potentially related mission might be to overcome the adversary. The mission may likewise develop as more is found out and the excursion changes the saint. Regularly, straightforward individual objectives, for example, victory or securing, develop into more extensive and progressively social objectives, for example, sparing others. On the off chance that circumstances become especially difficult, the journey may basically be one of survival.

4). Surprise:

Introducing amazements or turns continues peruser intrigue and interest in the story, and give the chance to character development.

To be a shock, an occasion must be sudden, at any rate to some extent. To work inside the story, it ought to be conceivable and sound good to the peruser, at any rate by and large. Shocks should add to the plot, expanding the association and extreme joy of the peruser. A poor astonishment will just frustrate and disappoint him.

Surprises can frequently be unsavory, for example, “Goodness, actually no, not at this very moment,” however can be punctuated with infrequent charming rest and prize. Disagreeable astonishments challenge the saint as he fights through his journey, giving him an open door for genuine chivalry and self-awareness. Wonderful shocks, for example, “Yahoo, I won!” incorporate picking up fortunes and meeting accommodating different gatherings along the way.

5). Basic choice:

At times the saint will be confronted with troublesome choices, for example, should he proceed or turn around before he arrives at his goal.

Critical choices are noteworthy and basic components in the continuation of a journey and may incorporate factors, for example, delays to help other people en route or battle insidious snags. Such choices ought to be reliable with the character, in spite of the fact that they can likewise be transformational, changing the individual, for example, when a quitter chooses to act courageously. Demonstrating the battle to choose and the activity of choice can be important.

Critical decisions regularly work through the story, with each getting more significant than the past one.

6). Climax:

A story’s peak happens when the mission, worked through amazements and basic decisions, arrives at its most increased conditions. It is where strains must be settled. It makes the plot’s definitive pressure, prompts a state of showdown and additionally acknowledgment, powers the hero to meet the obscure, and is the perfection purpose of the entirety of the story’s conflicts.

There might be various minor and major peaks through the story, prompting the amazing one close or toward the end. While minor peaks settle minor pressures and bigger strains are settled at major peaks, there is as yet a fundamental and mounting pressure that must be settled by the fantastic peak where the aggregate journey is at long last settled. It is through this succession of peaks that the story circular segment is manufactured, restricting the peruser to the excursion of the legend and different heroes, as though he were vicariously a piece of it.

Along the course of the story, there might be various sub-stories and side missions, each with their own shocks and basic decisions. While these might be, in actuality, little stories of their own, they should at present contribute towards the last fantastic peak, where maybe the criticalness of these side occasions at long last becomes realized.

7). Reversal:

The inversion viewpoint empowers the legend to coordinate all he has learned all through his travel and hence become the genuine saint, as a rule without losing his unique appeal and character. Different characters may likewise change, especially when they have ventured and created together.

Reversals are simply the aftereffect of the excursion and are, thusly, unavoidable. A character can’t confront hindrance and difficulty, yet continue as before. Else, it would block the requirement for the excursion. His transformation(s), in any case, ought to be consistent and believable.

8). Resolution:

The last goals serves to make another balance or parity in the lives of the characters.

This is likewise inescapable as all pressures are settled. This new balance is only here and there equivalent to the first one, be that as it may, in light of the fact that the characters have learned and developed. It might likewise fill in as a stage for another experience, maybe where side characters take on a greater job or where the legend forms all the more unobtrusively into a more extensive, progressively adjusted character. Another trigger may likewise give a clue that another or succeeding story can be envisioned, especially a sequel.


Like top notch food in a five-star eatery, whose experience isn’t only the nourishment, however is raised to a craftsmanship by methods for the different courses that supplement one another and bring about a fulfillment far more noteworthy than the aggregate of its individual parts, a story ought to whet the hunger (rising activity), draw in (at its apex or struggle), and satiate or fulfill (at its conclusion or goals). Burger joints put cash as far as they can tell. Perusers do likewise with their time.

“(In so doing)… everything on the page must have a job in propelling the account, and the author should take the most immediate way to the recounting the total story,” as per Mark Baechtel in “Molding the Story: A Step-by-Step Guide to Writing Short Fiction” (Pearson Education, 2004, p. 135). “As (it) travels through its rising-then-falling course and makes toward its determination, the author must ensure there are no characters, scenes, sections of depiction, composition, or synopsis that (don’t have a place there)… “

Article Sources:

Baechtel, Mark. “Forming the Story: A Step-by-Step Guide to Writing Short Fiction.” New York: Pearson Education, Inc., 2004.