Writing Essays – Utilizing Cultural Patterns to Create Newness


Do you know of any formally printed course of for guaranteeing that you’ve got crucial feature—–newness—–in the thesis to your essay? Thought so. Me neither.

Textbooks and lecturers simply present you items of writing which have newness in them, after which they are saying, “Do it like that.” Oh, certain, they provide you remoted examples of the varieties it is best to use, resembling Introductions, Thesis Statements, Subject Sentences, Physique Paragraphs, and Conclusions. However they by no means offer you a particular, reusable p-r-o-c-e-s-s for creating any of them, do they?

It is type of like a shoemaker exhibiting an apprentice a field stuffed with sneakers and saying, “Here is what they appear like. Now make some like these.” Huh? Yeah, proper!

That is why I’ve written this—–to share with you a confirmed course of for creating newness to your essays.

What’s wonderful about our not being taught newness in writing is that newness is throughout us-on the Web, in bookstores, in outfitters, in car showrooms, in politics, and particularly in films. Both films present us with a brand new thrill, a brand new heartwarming or heartrending story about some likable or hate-able character, a brand new view of the universe (science fiction), some new and fascinating perception into society or historical past, or some novel mixture of those patterns of newness—–or we keep away in droves, do not we?

What’s fascinating to me is what I see as the explanation we’re not taught about producing newness in writing. Appears to me that newness is such an unlimited idea that nobody has ever gotten a superb deal with on it, a great way to speak about it with out having to consult with a zillion completely different new issues. And none of us can actually relate very properly to a zillion various things. In brief, what has been missing is a really brief checklist of the classes of newness that we are able to all address.

I’ve obtained an answer for that. I’ve researched this for years, and I’ve discovered that there are solely 5 completely different sorts of newness:

  • Reverse
  • Add
  • Subtract
  • Substitute
  • Rearrange

After all, that is meaningless until you notice that what’s new all the time relies on what’s already outdated. Every little thing new is new in comparison with one thing else that is outdated or already identified and acquainted. That is a fairly large group of things—–what’s already identified and familiar—–so that must be damaged down right into a small, manageable set of classes, too.

So this is my completely researched, small, manageable set of classes of what’s outdated that may be made into one thing new:

  • Values
  • Expectations
  • Experiences
  • Reasoning
  • Language

Fairly brief however thorough checklist, proper? Are you able to consider something that does not slot in that compact little checklist? Me neither. Glad we agree on that.

‘Okay,’ you are in all probability considering, ‘sounds good—–but simply how does this old-new thingy work with these two brief units of classes, anyway?’ Good query.

Crucial factor to begin with is Values from the set of outdated view classes. Assume optimistic and destructive, good and dangerous, like and dislike-these are the essence of Values as a result of they’re issues we really feel about, and issues we really feel about are values.

Advertising and marketing folks have this complete factor down pat. They know that clients will purchase issues that they’ve good emotions about, and so entrepreneurs make ads that-

  • add to buyer optimistic emotions,
  • subtract from emotions of insecurity or mistrust,
  • substitute good feeling and concepts for outdated destructive emotions and concepts,
  • rearrange outdated methods of sequencing issues,
  • reverse the destructive emotions clients have about an concept or product.

I may spend quite a lot of time on all that, however because you’re studying this, then you definately’re in all probability good sufficient to call to mind examples of promoting that use these new view choices.

What I will focus on with you proper now are cultural patterns that put a few of these classes into on a regular basis utilization. As soon as you have obtained them in your field of writing instruments, you should use them as templates to provide you with thesis statements which have newness constructed proper into them.

The type of cultural patterns I am speaking about are on a regular basis sayings or tales that give insights about life and comprise the component of newness, resembling these two:

  • The Lion Roars, However Has No Tooth – “One thing or somebody could appear nice or highly effective, however they do not carry out that method,” which implies: The particular person with all of the affect, all of the brains, all the chums, all the ability, or the nice previous monitor document might not carry out in addition to their monitor document signifies.
  • Columbus Breaking the Egg – “It might look very easy or actually onerous, however simply the other is true,” which implies: As an alternative of one thing being tough to do, it is actually very simple to do; or one thing seems to be very simple, but it surely’s actually very onerous to do.

Let’s take a look at that cultural sample of The Lion Roars, However Has No Tooth.

Keep in mind the primary two outdated view classes, Values and Expectations? They’re the important thing. Once they get reversed, then you definately’ve obtained newness, a brand new view. And that is precisely the sample of The Lion Roars, However Has No Tooth. Usually, we count on a roaring lion to have energy to hurt and kill, however after we discover out {that a} roaring lion has no enamel, that expectation is nullified and reversed.

So let’s put that in very normal terms-when persons are conscious of an ideal power or an ideal expertise, they count on that the particular person or factor with that power or expertise will preserve proper on doing issues utilizing that nice power or expertise. When that nice power or expertise would not come by means of as anticipated, then it is a new view reversal, like a lion roaring when it has misplaced its enamel and so has misplaced the ability to again up that roar, the other of what you normally count on when any lion roars.

For instance, one scholar had the expertise of being dissatisfied on a date by not being kissed. Expressed that method, that scholar’s disappointment doesn’t have any sense of newness. However she plugged her expertise into The Lion Roars, However Has No Tooth cultural sample and expressed it as a reverse of outdated view expectations. She ended up writing an fascinating new view for her essay:

  • One of many stars on the soccer crew requested me out, a man with a fame with all the women. I anticipated to have enjoyable making out with him and making him behave. However we went to the flicks after which straight residence, the place I obtained a peck on the cheek and a lame, “That was enjoyable, Wendy! Let’s do it once more a while. Good night time!” What a wimp!

Let’s examine how issues work with that different cultural sample of Columbus Breaking the Egg, which is within the type of a narrative that has turn into a part of the considering sample of our Western tradition.

That is primarily based on a well-liked story about Christopher Columbus. Columbus challenged some Spanish noblemen to make an egg stand on its finish with no help. It was too tough a activity for them, and not one of the nobles may do it. So Columbus merely tapped one finish of the egg on the desk, which allowed the egg to face upright by itself crushed elements. So the duty appeared onerous, however was really very simple to do, which is the essence of this cultural sample.

One scholar needed to put in writing about studying to get dates by speaking with women. Stated like that, there was no sense of newness to it. However when he realized concerning the Columbus Breaking the Egg cultural sample, he got here up with this for his essay:

  • I used to suppose getting a date was onerous. I obtained turned down on a regular basis. Like different guys, I believed women needed so far solely athletes, huge achievers, wealthy guys, or actually good trying guys. However then I realized that quite a lot of women like guys they’ll speak with – simply speak with! How simple! Now I by no means get turned down for a date!

Many cultural patterns of newness exist ‘on the market’ for us to piggyback on, each for producing new concepts and as pre-existing codecs for conveying our robust optimistic or robust destructive concepts.

Are you able to consider any others from your individual experiences?

Listed here are a number of extra cultural patterns you’ll be able to plug your robust destructive and powerful optimistic experiences and views into to be able to create and convey newness:

  • David versus Goliath—–Little man unexpectedly beats huge man.

EXAMPLE: The IRS hauled my uneducated, meek little aunt into courtroom final yr to take her automotive away to pay her again taxes. I simply knew she would lose. Was everybody surprised—–my candy, mousey little aunt obtained indignant and beat the IRS!

  • Rooster or the Egg—–Trigger and impact are reversed or switched.

EXAMPLE: Does my boyfriend like science fiction films, books, & issues as a result of he has a inventive thoughts? Or does he have a inventive thoughts as a result of his complete household spends quite a lot of time on all issues bizarre and science fiction-ish?

  • All Work, No Play—Mistaken!—–Platitudes do not all the time work proper in actual life.

EXAMPLE: Two nights earlier than finals, I went to films and relaxed, as they are saying it is best to. Unhealthy recommendation! I bombed it! The following semester, I studied two weeks AND the 2 nights earlier than finals—–and aced them!

The large concept right here, after all, is that newness is throughout us, significantly in printed business works, resembling brief tales, novels, essays, and films. So we have to write down our robust optimistic and powerful destructive private experiences after which go searching for cultural patterns that we are able to relate them to. We will use these cultural patterns to strengthen, make clear, or reword our preliminary concepts. We will even use them because the patterns to check to when trying to find concepts in our personal experiences.

As a result of newness is throughout us in cultural patterns, we have to sensitize ourselves to these patterns of newness and beginning zeroing in on the #1 focus of all profitable communications, whether or not they’re printed, business, or not–

…………………………………………………….What’s new to the reader

by William Drew Jr